The news: According to new research, radiologists, aided by an AI, diagnose breast cancer more successfully than when working alone. That same AI also yields more accurate results in the hands of a radiologist than when operating solo.
Why it matters: The large-scale study, published this month in The Lancet Digital Health, is the first to directly compare an AI’s performance in breast cancer diagnosis, depending on whether it’s used alone or to help a human expert. help out. The process meant that nearly three-quarters of screening exams did not require radiologist review, which could help reduce the global shortage of specialists.
What happens next: While the findings are promising, the next step would be to confirm how well the AI performs over a long period of time in real clinics with real patients. The hope is that such systems could save lives in the future by detecting cancers that doctors miss, freeing up radiologists to see more patients and lightening the burden in places where there is a dire shortage of specialists. Read the full story.
Materials with nanoscale components will change what is possible
Materials scientists have long been fascinated by the hierarchical patterns in nature that repeat down to the molecular level, giving materials remarkable strength, durability and color. In the future, we may be able to construct such properties directly in manufactured materials and even program a degree of intelligence directly into them, which could enable new features and functionality.
Those on this year’s list of MIT Technology Review Innovators under 35 are working toward the ultimate goal of creating architectural materials and devices imbued with the ability to make decisions for themselves. Learn about their work and what it takes to help them succeed in this essay by Julia R. Greer, a materials scientist at the California Institute of Technology.
This essay is part of MIT Technology Review’s 2022 Innovators Under 35 package, which recognizes the most promising young people working in technology today. View the full list here.
The must reads
I’ve scoured the internet to find today’s funniest/important/scary/fascinating stories about technology.
1 A new wave of covid is sweeping the US
At a time when there are virtually no public health measures. †WP †
2 Elon Musk and Twitter go to court
But whether the company can force the volatile Musk to buy it remains to be seen. †WSJ †
+ In a legal battle, experts think Twitter has an edge. †FT †
Musk’s response to Twitter’s threat to sue him was, of course, a meme. †Bloomberg †
4 Uber executives behaved even worse than you might think
It has broken laws and abused violence against its drivers, leaked files show. †the guard†
5 Costa Rica Struggling To Recover From A Crippling Cyber Attack
Even though the group that hacked the country has fallen apart. †FT †
+ US defense firm L3 Harris is no longer in talks to buy NSO Group. †the guard†
+ A hacking group called Predatory Sparrow claims it started a fire at an Iranian steel producer. †BBC†
6 AI has a problem with decoupling ethics
Some researchers find it annoying that they have to think about how their inventions will be used in the real world. †protocol†
+ Big Tech’s guide to talking about AI ethics. (MIT Technology Review)
7 Artists Experimenting With DALL-E 2
But find that it doesn’t quite match their imagination. †the guard†
+ The dark secret behind those cute AI-generated animal images. (MIT Technology Review)
8 Meet The YouTubers Who Hunt And Eat Invasive Species
Experts are divided on whether it is a useful or positive development. †The information †
+ Scientists worry that species are going extinct before we even discover them. †CNET†
+ Why you shouldn’t trust everything that wildlife recognition apps tell you. †Slate†
9 Pro-Vasectomy Influencers Having a Moment
In a post-Roe world, interest in more permanent methods of birth control is growing. †The Atlantic Ocean †
10 The optimal shape for a house in space can be a cone
It could help mimic the gravity that humans are used to. †Quartz†